Automobile

Flow Types in Fuel Injection Systems Flow Sensors

The continuous injection is the simplest and least costly method of injecting fuel from injectors. The continuous injection works by injecting a fuel mixture spray into the intake manifold, where it is ready to flow into the individual cylinders when the inlet valves open. The fuel mixture is controlled through …

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Fuel Injection Introduction to Fuel Injection

Edward Butler, from Erith, Kent, and Henri Tenting, from Paris, were the first two men to develop a fuel injection system for the internal combustion engine in 1883 and 1891, respectively. During the early stages of production, most of these units were built for application to the aircraft, such as …

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Introduction to the Carburetor Carburation

The earliest four-stroke engines used during the 1880s primarily were implemented for industrial applications. Because they were run at constant speeds, three very simple carburation devices were devised: the wick, the diffusion, and the surface-type carburetors. The wick-type carburetor worked by absorbing fuel from a reservoir below the air intake. …

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Engine Management Types of Engine Management

Describes the main types of engine management used today. It also explains the advantages and the appropriate applications for each type of engine management system. The majority of this information was found in the Holden Gen III service manual distributed by General Motors. Overview There are mainly two predominant types …

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Principles of the 4 Stroke Gasoline Automobile Engine

The four-stroke gasoline engine is comprised of many integral parts: the induction system, the cylinder heads, the engine block, the pistons, the camshaft, the crankshaft, and the flywheel. All these parts are necessary for the four cycles of operation in the Otto cycle, illustrated in. The first stroke in the …

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The Gasoline 4-Stroke Engine for Automobiles

The purpose of this technical paper is to inform the reader about the modern automobile four-stroke engine. To accomplish this, we have assumed that the reader has an elementary knowledge of the mechanics of an engine which is gained by knowledge in the areas of solid mechanics, thermodynamics, fluids, dynamics, …

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A High-performance Sports Car: Porsche 928

Porsche panache Porsche Co. has a long history of development in the field of suspension and handling, some of this won the hard way by attempting to solve problems introduced by the inherent weaknesses in their initial design. Many readers will be familiar with the Porsche 911, that brilliant descendant …

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Interconnected and No-roll Suspensions system

The success of the Citroen hydropneumatic suspension no doubt inspired the Moulton Co. to tum to gas as the suspension medium; also to use a tapered pedestal or piston to give a variable effective diaphragm area, the technique originally used by Firestone. The Hydragas principal and the detailed design of …

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Interconnected and No-roll Suspensions

Interconnected front/rear suspension The concept of interconnecting the front and rear suspensions to reduce the period in pitch is an old one. A mechanical interconnect was developed for the little Citroen 2CV and this, despite an obvious lack of roll stiffness, gave a very good ride over rough terrain for …

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